A comprehensive and thorough analysis of concepts and results on uniform convergence Counterexamples on Uniform Convergence: Sequences, Series, Functions, and Integrals presents counterexamples to false statements typically found within the study of mathematical analysis and calculus, all of which are related to uniform convergence. The book includes the convergence of sequences, series and families of functions, and proper and improper integrals depending on a parameter. The exposition is restricted to the main definitions and theorems in order to explore different versions (wrong and correct) of the fundamental concepts and results. The goal of the book is threefold. First, the authors provide a brief survey and discussion of principal results of the theory of uniform convergence in real analysis. Second, the book aims to help readers master the presented concepts and theorems, which are traditionally challenging and are sources of misunderstanding and confusion. Finally, this book illustrates how important mathematical tools such as counterexamples can be used in different situations. The features of the book include: An overview of important concepts and theorems on uniform convergence Well-organized coverage of the majority of the topics on uniform convergence studied in analysis courses An original approach to the analysis of important results on uniform convergence based\ on counterexamples Additional exercises at varying levels of complexity for each topic covered in the book A supplementary Instructor’s Solutions Manual containing complete solutions to all exercises, which is available via a companion website Counterexamples on Uniform Convergence: Sequences, Series, Functions, and Integrals is an appropriate reference and/or supplementary reading for upper-undergraduate and graduate-level courses in mathematical analysis and advanced calculus for students majoring in mathematics, engineering, and other sciences. The book is also a valuable resource for instructors teaching mathematical analysis and calculus. ANDREI BOURCHTEIN, PhD, is Professor in the Department of Mathematics at Pelotas State University in Brazil. The author of more than 100 referred articles and five books, his research interests include numerical analysis, computational fluid dynamics, numerical weather prediction, and real analysis. Dr. Andrei Bourchtein received his PhD in Mathematics and Physics from the Hydrometeorological Center of Russia. LUDMILA BOURCHTEIN, PhD, is Senior Research Scientist at the Institute of Physics and Mathematics at Pelotas State University in Brazil. The author of more than 80 referred articles and three books, her research interests include real and complex analysis, conformal mappings, and numerical analysis. Dr. Ludmila Bourchtein received her PhD in Mathematics from Saint Petersburg State University in Russia.
Originally Titled: On Riemann's Theory Of Algebraic Functions And Their Integrals; A Supplement To The Usual Treatises - From The Unabridged Translation By Frances Hardcastle
College algebra covers the following topics: Polynomial, Nonlinear, and Radical Equations; Sets, Relations, Functions; Absolute Value Equations and Inequalities; Linear Programming; Graphs of Functions; Asymptotes; Logarithms; Exponential and Logarithmic Equations; Graphs of Exponential and Logarithmic Functions; Matrix and Matrix Methods; Determinants; Complex Numbers and Operations; Polar Form of Complex Numbers; Roots of Complex Numbers; Graphing Polar Coordinates and Equations; Conic sections;; Remainder and Factor Theorems; Rational Roots; Partial Fractions; Sequences and Series; Binomial Theorem; Permutations and Combinations; and Mathematical Induction;
Final Exam Review: College algebra covers the following topics: a note to the student in preparing for exams; Polynomial, Nonlinear, and Radical Equations; Sets, Relations, Functions; Absolute Value Equations and Inequalities; Linear Programming; Graphs of Functions; Asymptotes; Logarithms; Exponential and Logarithmic Equations; Graphs of Exponential and Logarithmic Functions; Matrix and Matrix Methods; Determinants; Complex Numbers and Operations; Polar Form of Complex Numbers; Roots of Complex Numbers; Graphing Polar Coordinates and Equations; Conic sections;; Remainder and Factor Theorems; Rational Roots; Partial Fractions; Sequences and Series; Binomial Theorem; Permutations and Combinations; and Mathematical Induction;
Lecture Notes from the year 2011 in the subject Mathematics - General, Basics, , language: English, abstract: Integrals with integrand functions fitting into the perimeter of those triangles are solvable by trigonometric substitution, like the exponential and hyperbolic integrals.
This book is the first of a series which focuses on the interpolation and extrapolation of optimal designs, an area with significant applications in engineering, physics, chemistry and most experimental fields. In this volume, the authors emphasize the importance of problems associated with the construction of design. After a brief introduction on how the theory of optimal designs meets the theory of the uniform approximation of functions, the authors introduce the basic elements to design planning and link the statistical theory of optimal design and the theory of the uniform approximation of functions. The appendices provide the reader with material to accompany the proofs discussed throughout the book.
This short book is about teaching differential and integral calculus, but instead following the traditional approach, with limits being defined with epsilon and delta, the author provides a simpler way by presenting all the definitions using infinitesimals, as is defined in Nonstandard Analysis. With this approach, the concepts are simpler to understand and the theorems easily proved. The public of this book is anyone interested in calculus, thus students of science, engineering, economics, etc. After a short introduction to Nonstandard Analysis, the author explains in a simple way, but with rigorous techniques, the fundamental notions like convergence of sequences, derivatives, integrals and series.
An easy-to-understand primer on advanced calculus topics Calculus II is a prerequisite for many popular college majors, including pre-med, engineering, and physics. Calculus II For Dummies offers expert instruction, advice, and tips to help second semester calculus students get a handle on the subject and ace their exams. It covers intermediate calculus topics in plain English, featuring in-depth coverage of integration, including substitution, integration techniques and when to use them, approximate integration, and improper integrals. This hands-on guide also covers sequences and series, with introductions to multivariable calculus, differential equations, and numerical analysis. Best of all, it includes practical exercises designed to simplify and enhance understanding of this complex subject. Introduction to integration Indefinite integrals Intermediate Integration topics Infinite series Advanced topics Practice exercises Confounded by curves? Perplexed by polynomials? This plain-English guide to Calculus II will set you straight!
This book serves as a comprehensive source of asymptotic results for econometric models with deterministic exogenous regressors. Such regressors include linear (more generally, piece-wise polynomial) trends, seasonally oscillating functions, and slowly varying functions including logarithmic trends, as well as some specifications of spatial matrices in the theory of spatial models. The book begins with central limit theorems (CLTs) for weighted sums of short memory linear processes. This part contains the analysis of certain operators in Lp spaces and their employment in the derivation of CLTs. The applications of CLTs are to the asymptotic distribution of various estimators for several econometric models. Among the models discussed are static linear models with slowly varying regressors, spatial models, time series autoregressions, and two nonlinear models (binary logit model and nonlinear model whose linearization contains slowly varying regressors). The estimation procedures include ordinary and nonlinear least squares, maximum likelihood, and method of moments. Additional topical coverage includes an introduction to operators, probabilities, and linear models; Lp-approximable sequences of vectors; convergence of linear and quadratic forms; regressions with slowly varying regressors; spatial models; convergence; nonlinear models; and tools for vector autoregressions.
"There is today a pronounced and accelerated convergence in architecture. This convergence is occurring by doers not thinkers; in practice not academia; in building design, fabrication, and construction. It is about solution-centric individuals engaged in real time problem solving, not in abstractions. The nature of this convergence, where things are converging and what that means for architecture, is the subject of this book." —from the Introduction Those working in architecture and engineering feel pressure to work faster, at lower cost, while maintaining a high level of innovation and quality. At the same time, emergent tools and processes make this possible. Convergence is about the firms, teams and people who thrive in this environment as a result of their ability to creatively combine and innovate. It seeks to answer several timely questions: What are the tools and work processes that are converging? How are individuals and organizations converging their tools and work processes? What challenges and benefits are they seeing? What is the ultimate endgame of this convergence? What skillsets and mindsets would someone need to develop to work effectively in this changing environment? What are the implications of convergence on the role of the designer, and on design? On how we design, build, fabricate, and construct? On how we work? The book explains how convergence relates to, but ultimately differs from integration, consolidation, multi-tasking, automation, and other forms of optimization. The practice-based research builds upon the author’s research in BIM and in the collaborative leveraging of data in design and fabrication. As an investigation and meditation on the impact of technology on the education and making of design professionals Convergence explains what is happening in the world of design, and discusses the implications for the future of education, training and practice.
This book is written to provide an easy to follow study on the subject of Special Functions and Orthogonal Polynomials. It is written in such a way that it can be used as a self study text. Basic knowledge of calculus and differential equations is needed. The book is intended to help students in engineering, physics and applied sciences understand various aspects of Special Functions and Orthogonal Polynomials that very often occur in engineering, physics, mathematics and applied sciences. The book is organized in chapters that are in a sense self contained. Chapter 1 deals with series solutions of Differential Equations. Gamma and Beta functions are studied in Chapter 2 together with other functions that are defined by integrals. Legendre Polynomials and Functions are studied in Chapter 3. Chapters 4 and 5 deal with Hermite, Laguerre and other Orthogonal Polynomials. A detailed treatise of Bessel Function is given in Chapter 6.
This book has two main purposes. On the one hand, it provides a concise and systematic development of the theory of lower previsions, based on the concept of acceptability, in spirit of the work of Williams and Walley. On the other hand, it also extends this theory to deal with unbounded quantities, which abound in practical applications. Following Williams, we start out with sets of acceptable gambles. From those, we derive rationality criteria–avoiding sure loss and coherence–and inference methods–natural extension–for (unconditional) lower previsions. We then proceed to study various aspects of the resulting theory, including the concept of expectation (linear previsions), limits, vacuous models, classical propositional logic, lower oscillations, and monotone convergence. We discuss n-monotonicity for lower previsions, and relate lower previsions with Choquet integration, belief functions, random sets, possibility measures, various integrals, symmetry, and representation theorems based on the Bishop-De Leeuw theorem. Next, we extend the framework of sets of acceptable gambles to consider also unbounded quantities. As before, we again derive rationality criteria and inference methods for lower previsions, this time also allowing for conditioning. We apply this theory to construct extensions of lower previsions from bounded random quantities to a larger set of random quantities, based on ideas borrowed from the theory of Dunford integration. A first step is to extend a lower prevision to random quantities that are bounded on the complement of a null set (essentially bounded random quantities). This extension is achieved by a natural extension procedure that can be motivated by a rationality axiom stating that adding null random quantities does not affect acceptability. In a further step, we approximate unbounded random quantities by a sequences of bounded ones, and, in essence, we identify those for which the induced lower prevision limit does not depend on the details of the approximation. We call those random quantities 'previsible'. We study previsibility by cut sequences, and arrive at a simple sufficient condition. For the 2-monotone case, we establish a Choquet integral representation for the extension. For the general case, we prove that the extension can always be written as an envelope of Dunford integrals. We end with some examples of the theory.
Do you own a TI-89, TI-89 Titanium, TI-92 Plus, or a Voyage 200 graphing calculator? If you do, or if you need to get one for school or your job, then you need to know how it works and how to make the most of its functions. TI-89 For Dummies is the plain-English nuts-and-bolts guide that gets you up and running on all the things your TI-89 can do, quickly and easily. This hands-on reference guides you step by step through various tasks and even shows you how to add applications to your calculator. Soon you’ll have the tools you need to: Solve equations and systems of equations Factor polynomials Evaluate derivatives and integrals Graph functions, parametric equations, polar equations, and sequences Create Stat Plots and analyze statistical data Multiply matrices Solve differential equations and systems of differential equations Transfer files between two or more calculators Save calculator files on your computer Packed with exciting and valuable applications that you can download from the Internet and install through your computer, as well as common errors and messages with explanations and solutions, TI-89 For Dummies is the one-stop reference for all your graphing calculator questions!
Currently, a number of data repositories are available for the storage of sugar sequences. Some of them are publically available e.g. KEGG, O-GlycoBase, GlycoEpitope, CarbBank, CCSD etc. Some are commercially available like GlycoSuiteDB relational database. All the existing repositories for sugar are based on the structure of oligosaccharide chains. But they fail to relate the chains with their functions. The aim of our research work is to find a way to accumulate useful information regarding sugar sequences, linkage between the sugar moieties and their anomery, and to develop an analysis tool which will relate the oligosaccharide chains with their function. This will help to align the biologically significant oligosaccharides with respect to their sequences, linkages and anomery and will allow predicting the possible changes in normal and pathological conditions.
Inspired by widespread convergent phenomena, this book attempts to study translation from the perspective of global convergence. With concrete examples of both linguistic and cultural convergence, the interdependent relationships respectively between language and culture and between translation and convergence are explored as prerequisites for elaborating on the focal theme. Then, based on an irresistible tendency of convergence and worldwide linguistic and cultural crises, the book goes a step further to focus on analyzing proper cross-culture translation strategies by putting forward relevant translation principles and detailed translation techniques with vivid examples. For better understanding and further reference, major factors influencing the choice of translation strategies are illustrated and the translator is suggested to make a cautious and comprehensive decision of the most practical approach. The research should be especially useful to those who are interested or engaged in translation studies.